The University of Tartu Institute of History and Archaeology is one of the main centres for historical research in Estonia. Employees of the Institute are engaged in the research themes starting with the Stone Age through to the 20th-century histories. Various methodological approaches are represented on the top level. The bulk of research work is focused on histories of Estonia and neighbouring countries.
Research is mainly carried out in the framework of several extensive projects, financed by the Estonian Science Foundation and other internal and external organizations. Various aspects of political history, social history, economic history and cultural history are studied. PhD and MA students are actively engaged in research work.
Working with other research institutions, the institute publishes the following academic journals: Ajalooline Ajakiri, the Estonian Journal of Archaeology, Forschungen zur baltischen Geschichte, and the Baltic Journal of Art History. The fellows of the institute also publish actively history books for the wider audience.
The institute has developed international collaboration with other research centres worldwide. The institute has worked in especially close cooperation with universities in Germany, Finland, Sweden, the UK, Russia and Latvia.